Katherine Musbach


  • Office Contact Info
  • Biography

    Katherine Musbach’s practice is focused on cyber security, commercial litigation, insurance coverage and bank litigation. 

    She regularly represents domestic and international insurers in coverage disputes across the country, with a particular emphasis on fidelity bond, commercial crime policy and cyber claims. She has successfully represented insurers in numerous disputes concerning email-based fraud, loan losses, third-party losses, electronic trading losses, fraudulent mortgage conveyances and a wide range of employee theft schemes. Katherine also regularly litigates coverage disputes arising out of cyber exclusions on a myriad of policies. 

    A substantial portion of Katherine’s practice is focused on fraud and cyber breach investigations. She investigates allegations of employee dishonesty, vendor fraud, medical provider fraud and cyber-crime to advise clients on coverage issues and recovery opportunities. As a result of her investigatory work, her clients have successfully negotiated settlements and pursued litigation for losses involving compromised email accounts, hacked payment processing systems, medical and pharmaceutical overbilling schemes, and defective technology. Katherine is also experienced in coordinating with criminal prosecutions to ensure that her clients’ interest in criminal forfeitures and restitution payments is protected. 

    Katherine received her J.D., cum laude, from Duke University School of Law. During law school, she spent a semester studying international law and international commercial arbitration at the University of Hong Kong. Prior to law school, Katherine taught third grade with Teach For America in Phoenix.



  • Practice Areas
  • Representative Experience

    Cyber Security/Data Breach

    • Representation of insured in dispute concerning liability for email-induced fraudulent wire transfer and alleged compromise of insured’s email.
    • Representation of insurer in a series of lawsuits seeking coverage under computer crime policies and cyber policies for loss sustained from hacking and social engineering.
    • Representation of insurer in coverage dispute concerning application of a professional liability policy’s unauthorized access exclusions. 
    • Representation of insurer in a $100 million recovery action against a Taiwanese manufacturer of wireless gateways.
    • Representation of insurer in a $20 million recovery action against a cyber security auditor arising from a payment processor’s data breach.

    Fidelity/Financial Institution Bond

    • Representation of insurer in $1 million and $24 million coverage dispute arising from theft perpetrated on third parties by the insured’s general agent.
    • Representation of insurer in $5 million loan loss arising from alleged fraudulent auto loans.
    • Representation of insurers in a $141 million coverage dispute arising from allegations of unauthorized trading.
    • Representation of insurers in a $20 million coverage dispute arising from extension of credit against fictitious collateral.
  • Publications & Presentations


    • Katherine Musbach and Reina Dorvilier, Apportioning the Loss: A Liability and Recovery Analysis for Email-Based Claims, 25 FID. L.J. 1 (2019). E-mail-based crime is a $1.2-billion-per-year problem. While much industry discussion has focused on new insurance products for these risks and the specific coverage issues implicated by the ever-evolving schemes, considerably less attention has been paid to the significant recovery opportunities available to insureds and insurers. This article addresses this void, focusing on the recovery opportunities available for email-based losses for insureds and their insurers as subrogees and assignees. The recovery sources addressed include: (1) technology service providers which enabled or failed to prevent a cyber-based attack; (2) the insured’s bank or the bank into which the wire transfer was sent, as these institutions may have failed to develop or implement commercially reasonable security procedures to prevent unauthorized wire transfers or may have allowed a perpetrator’s obviously fraudulent account to continue to operate; (3) the insured’s vendor or customer, which may have been compromised and thus enabled the fraud; and (4) the insured’s other insurance policies, as the proliferation of cyber-based risk often means that insureds have overlapping coverage for a claim. Given the magnitude of email-based threats and the increasing sophistication of the perpetrators, it is important for insurers to understand not only the coverage-based issues, but also the recovery opportunities available. 

    • Mark J. Krone, Chris McKibbin and Katherine Musbach, Securities Claims, in Handling Fidelity Bond Claims (Michael Keeley, et al., 2d ed. 2019). This book chapter discusses the investigation of securities claims under financial institution bonds and other crime policies. Issues addressed include determining whether there is a loss and the quantum of covered loss, causation, the “Original” and good-faith reliance requirements, the meaning of “Forgery” and other loss-causing acts, and evolving issues as technology transforms insureds’ business practices.

    • Scott L. Schmookler and Katherine Musbach, Modernizing Loan Fraud: The Proliferation and Evolution of Digital Loan Transactions, 24 FID. L.J. 85 (2018). This article discusses the Uniform Electronic Transactions Act (“UETA”) and the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (“E-Sign”), analyzing how these laws have changed secured transactions. We discuss coverage issues implicated by the evolution of insureds’ businesses to embrace electronic transactions, the unique risks of these transactions and ways in which future iterations of standard form bonds might evolve to meet these new risks.

    • Scott Schmookler, Greg Bangs and Katherine Musbach, Blockchain Technology: Balancing Benefits and Evolving Risks, Treasury & Risk, (March 9, 2017). This article explores new and exciting uses of blockchain technology across various industries, analyzing the opportunities and unique risks. Special attention is paid to the unique risk of theft and fraud to financial institutions utilizing blockchain technology in their business transactions.

  • Education


    J.D., cum laude, Duke University School of Law, 2013

    B.A., with distinction and Highest Honors in Political Science, University of Michigan, 2008


    Best Lawyers in America® Ones to Watch distinction in Insurance Law (2023-2024)